All posts by Baby Knowledge

Baby wearing sun hat

Sun safety for kids

Child in lavender fields wearing sun protection

The sun should not be feared but, like anything that can cause us harm, should be respected. It is a great big ball of hot gases at the centre of our solar system, without it there would be no life and the planets would simply float away into outer space.

Sun exposure is our primary source of vitamin D so it is important that we all have a safe amount of sun exposure – vitamin D helps us to better absorb calcium which in turn makes for stronger bones. It doesn’t take too much time at all to get the required amount of sun exposure, about 10 to 15 minutes for most people but always less than the time it takes you to start going red, however, too much unprotected sun exposure can cause skin damage, eye damage, immune system suppression and of course skin cancer; you need to protect yourself and you need to protect your children.

How to keep kids safe in the sun

  • Avoid the hottest period – The suns rays are at their hottest between the hours of 11am and 3pm. Ideally, you should keep children out of the sun during these hours.
  • Keep young baby’s out of the sun completely – Infants should be kept out of direct sunlight altogether, sun screen does not protect infants from the suns harmful rays.
  • Find some shade, or make some shade – If you are out for the whole day, try to find a good spot of shade (under a tree etc) but also be prepared for these good spots to be taken and have a pop up UV tent or a good sized parasol with you to create your own shade.
  • Don’t seek shade too late – If you and your kids are in the shade, you will not get sun burnt. Do not wait until your children are looking red before you insist on them playing in the shade.
  • Cover your kids up – Clothing that covers your kids skin will help protect against UV rays, UV swimsuits are great, as are shorts that cover knees and t shirts (rather than straps).
  • Make sure your children wear hats – Ideally you want a hat that protects not only your kids scalp but also his neck, ears and face.
  • Sunglasses – Too much exposure to uv rays can lead to cataracts later in life. Do your best to get your child to wear sunglasses and make sure they offer as close to 100% protection from UVA and UVB rays – wrap around glasses offer the best protection.
  • Never forget the sunscreen – Use SPF 50 sunscreen with a minimum rating of 4 stars. Apply it 30 minutes before going outside and be sure to re-apply every couple of hours, even more so if your kids have been playing in water.
  • Don’t rely on one protection method – Try to incorporate as many of the above points as possible – a child in the shade, wearing sunscreen, sensible clothing and a hat is very well protected. Enjoy the sun but respect it, do as much as you can to protect your kids from the suns harmful rays.

How to apply sunscreen

  • Apply sunscreen on your child 30 minutes before going outside
  • Be liberal and do not rub it in too harshly, remember it is there to form a barrier, not to be absorbed.
  • Ensure you have applied it to your childs neck, shoulders, ears, nose, lips, behind the knees and tops and bottoms of feet (if exposed).
  • Reapply every 2 hours or so
  • Reapply more often if your child has become sweaty, has used a towel or has been playing in water.
  • Short daily periods of sun exposure without sunscreen during the summer months (April to October) are enough for most people to make enough vitamin D. Evidence suggests that the most effective time of day for vitamin D production is between 11am and 3pm. If your child is outside without sunscreen, ensure it is for no longer than around 10-15 minutes.

6 Facts about sun safety

  • Protecting your children from the sun not only prevents sunburn, it massively reduces the risk of skin cancer later in life.
  • The use of sunscreen does not result in an increased time of safe sun exposure.
  • Some sunscreens come off when your child’s skin has been in contact with water, is sweating or has used a towel.
  • Even when it is cloudy, up to 50 percent of the suns harmful ultraviolet rays can still reach us.
  • 50% of our total lifetime sun exposure occurs in childhood.
  • A slight breeze or kids playing in water can cool the surface temperature of your childs skin so you may not notice that they are burning until it is too late.

What if my child gets sunburnt?

Picture of first degree sunburm

If your baby has been sunburnt you will need to consult a doctor as soon as you can, if your child has been sunburnt you should see your doctor if it looks very red, is particularly painful or if it blisters and/or a rash is present. If you are unsure about whether or not you need to see your doctor, you should at the very least go to your local pharmacy with your child and show them the sunburn. They may be able to recommend a soothing, aftersun lotion that is suitable for your childs age. If you are unable to get to the doctors or the pharmacy until the following day, you can cool the sunburnt area with tepid water (around 23-25 degrees celsius), this should be applied for 30 to 60 minutes but you need to ensure that your child doesn’t get too cold.

I hope you found this post helpful, please feel free to add your comments below and/or like and share using the share this icon. Thank you.

Petite Star Aruba Travel system inc. Car seat, Footmuff & Raincover

The Petite Star Aruba Travel system is a 3 wheel travel system that comes complete with a group 0+ car seat, a footmuff and a rain cover. This pushchair is suitable from birth up to 3 years of age.

The pushchair is well padded ensuring maximum comfort for your newborn, it has multi position recline capability including lie flat and is fitted with a 5 point safety harness. The sun canopy has 2 positions to create shade without hindering your baby’s view and also comes with a rain cover and foot muff for guaranteed protection from all elements! For your convenience it has a large shopping basket and for easy steering, the extremely lightweight Petite Star Aruba has a lockable, swivel front wheel, the Aruba can be easily folded using one hand and secured simply by using the locking latch – when folded it is less than 50cm high so shouldn’t be a problem fitting in the boot of your car.

The car seat is rearward facing and suitable from birth up to 13kg, it comes with a head hugger and a sun shade and is secured in your car using the 3 point seatbelt (car seat belt).

Customer reviews

The Petit Star Aruba has an average rating of 4.2 out of 5. Here is a round up of customer reviews:

The best bits

  • It looks and feels like the top designer brand names
  • Quick and easy to assemble
  • Very similar to some products that I had seen in shops like mothercare but costing less than 3 times the price
  • Very easy to manoeuvre and to adjust
  • The price is excellent for the quality you are getting
  • The shopping basket is big enough
  • The rain cover is perfect
  • Lightweight to push
  • Great basket space to hold all the shopping
  • What could be improved?

  • Car seat is a bit bulky
  • Rain cover doesn’t have front access which would make it easier when using the car seat
  • The verdict

    All in all, you have an opportunity to buy a good quality, fantastic looking, easy to use travel system for a fraction of the high street/ branded price. If you want a bargain without compromise, my opinion is, you have found it right here in the Petite Star Aruba.

    *Buy the Petite Star Aruba Travel system*


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    nappy rash on baby's bottom

    What is Nappy Rash? :- causes, cures and prevention

    What is nappy rash? What causes nappy rash? And more importantly how can you prevent your baby getting nappy rash? And if your little one does get it, how do you treat it? All of that information can be found right here, do please read on…

    What is nappy rash?

    Nappy rash - red, lumpy spotsNappy rash is a common condition, most babies up to the age of 18 months will have had nappy rash at some point, usually between the age of 9-12 months. It causes your baby’s skin to become sore and irritated in and around the nappy area. There may be red patches on her bottom or the whole area may be red. Her skin may feel hot to touch and it could also have some pimples, blisters or spots.

    What causes nappy rash?

    Nappy rash is usually caused by your baby’s skin coming into contact with urine and faeces in her nappy. There are a number of other factors that can also cause it; baby wipes, diarrhoea or other illness, soap, detergent or bubble bath, rubbing or chafing and sensitive skin.

    How can I avoid my baby getting nappy rash?

    Prevention is much better than cure. By taking a few simple steps you can reduce the possibility of your baby getting nappy rash:

    • Change your babies nappy as soon as you can once you have noticed that it is wet or soiled. (Young babies need changing on average 10-12 times a day so don’t think you are being excessive).
    • Use a barrier cream on your baby’s bottom such as zinc or castor oil.
    • Allow your baby to have some ‘nappy off time’ for as long as you can and as often as is practical. The fresh air will help.
    • Ensure you clean the whole nappy area thoroughly.
    • Use plain warm water and wipe from front to back.

    How can I treat nappy rash?

    If your baby has nappy rash or you suspect your baby has it, you should firstly speak to your local pharmacist or health visitor for advice (as well as taking the above precautions), there are a number of over the counter nappy rash creams that can help, i have found the best over the counter nappy rash treatment to be Metanium. You should avoid using wet wipes during this period and ensure your baby’s bottom is fully dry before applying the cream and putting on the clean nappy. For severe cases, your GP will be able to prescribe a treatment. It is always helpful to have a recommendation from a health-care professional.

    Do I need to see a doctor about my baby’s nappy rash?

    If the rash doesn’t go away or it seems to be quite severe (bright red, spreading to the folds of her skin or white or red pimples etc) then it could be caused by an underlying health condition or bacterial infection. If this is the case, you should make an appointment to see your GP so that he/she can view your baby’s nappy rash and give personalised, suitable advice and treatments.

    Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe Travel System

    The Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe Travel System is easy to use, smooth to push and is built for your convenience and your baby’s comfort. This ‘premium travel system’ comes with the Graco Junior infant car seat and a carry cot.

    The Pushchair
    The Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe can be easily folded using one hand and is made with a light aluminium frame to ensure ease of use. There is a 4 position recline seat on the pushchair and spring suspension for complete comfort for your baby. For your convenience there is a large drop down shopping basket that can be easily accessed (ideal for trips to the supermarket) and a parent tray for you to keep loose items such as change, keys or a spare dummy! And finally, as an added bonus, the Graco Quattro also comes fitted with a temperature gauge and a clock.

    The Car Seat
    The Graco junior car seat is a group 0+ car seat suitable from birth up to 13kg. The features are as follows:

  • New born head support
  • Adjustable canopy
  • Adjustable harness
  • Easy to adjust, lockable, Multi-position handle with rubber grip
  • Side impact protection
  • Automatically locks onto the Graco pushchair and is removed with just one click
  • 3 point safety harness
  • A correct position indicator shows if the seat is at the correct angle
  • Easy to remove, washable seat cover
  • Compatible with the in car base (not included)
  • What’s in the box?
    This travel system is eligible for free delivery with gift wrap available. You will receive:

  • Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe pushchair
  • Graco Junior Baby group 0+ car seat
  • Graco Cosycot
  • Instruction manual
  • Customer Reviews

    Good Points

  • Smooth sturdy pushchair
  • Love the carry cot because my baby faces me
  • Good suspension for those bumpy rides
  • Wheels are also fairly large and will ride over smaller holes without a problem
  • Basket under the pram is big enough to carry shopping back
  • Just a click and push and the pram can fold and a lift of the handle unfolds the pram again
  • The fabric on the seat and cosy toes is good quality and washes well
  • Negative Points

  • When my baby is in the car seat it seems that her neck is bent to far forward
  • The pram is also quite heavy once folded
  • It is very big and can be difficult to fit in many small shops
  • Who is it good for?

    If you want convenience and you want your baby to have comfort then you can’t go wrong with the Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe. It is great for shopping as the basket is huge and did I mention comfort? If you don’t mind big and like to shop then this is for you.

    Buy the Graco Quattro Tour Deluxe Travel System

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    Bottle, formula powder and a scoop

    How much formula milk does my baby need?

    How much formula milk your baby needs can easily be worked out using a simple formula; your baby needs approximately 150-200 ml of formula milk per day per kg of your baby’s weight. I have made this easy for you to work out;  my quick formula feeding quantity guide below. (Please note that this is a guide only, you should always feed your baby when she seems hungry and have her weighed regularly to check her progress).

    Formula fed baby finishing last drop of recommended amount of formula milkThis formula milk quantity guide applies only after your baby is over one week old and is valid until you begin weaning her.

    (Turn your device sideways if you can not view this table properly)

    Baby's WeightNumber of feeds per dayAmount of milk needed per dayAmount of milk to be offered per bottle
    3kg / 6lb 10oz6450 - 600 ml75 - 100 ml
    3kg / 6lb 10oz7450 - 600 ml65 - 85 ml
    3kg / 6lb 10oz8450 - 600 ml55 - 75ml
    4kg / 8lb 13oz5600 - 800 ml120 - 160 ml
    4kg / 8lb 13oz6600 - 800 ml100 - 135 ml
    4kg / 8lb 13oz7600 - 800 ml85 - 115 ml
    5kg / 11lb5750 - 1000 ml150 - 200 ml

    You will also find a formula quantity guide on the side of your packet of infant formula milk. Bear in mind that your baby’s appetite can vary from feed to feed and from day to day. You should never force feed your baby, even if there is only a little bit of milk left. If you would like to work out how much formula your baby might need for a weight that is not listed above, multiply his weight in kg by either 150(minimum) or 200(maximum), this gives you the amount of recommended formula milk per day for your baby’s weight. To then work out how much milk he will need per bottle, divide this amount by the number of feeds he has in a day. This gives you the recommended amount of formula milk per bottle feed for your baby’s current weight.